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Full text of "Pew rents do not support churches"

fl 



PEW RENTS 

DO NOT SUPPORT CHURCHES. 



The following paper has been prepared for the 
purpose of testing, by experience obtained in the 
Diocese of Pennsylvania, the comparative efficiency 
of the "pew system" and the "Free," or "voluntary 
system," in paying the expenses of the Churches. 

The tables contain the statistics as given in the 
"Journal of Convention," for all Parishes presenting 
complete reports for the year ending May ist, i «S 7 5 , 
in the following particulars, to wit: ist. The 
" current expenses, including salaries" and "Sunday 



* 



<; 



* 



* 



* * 

School expenses," and the assessment for the Con- 
vention and Episcopal funds. 2d. The number of 
sittings (omitting free seats in pewed churches;. 
3d. The income from pew rents in pewed churches, 
and from voluntary contributions in free churches 
for Parish purposes, as above defined. 

For free churches which pay their expenses, only 
the amount of the offerings needed to pay the 
expenses is given, unless otherwise stated in the 
report. 

Amounts contributed for repairs and improve- 
ments, for deficits in pewed churches on account of 
the insufficiency of pew rents, and for extra parochial 
purposes, parish schools, etc., are excluded. In a 
separate column the income per sitting is calculated ; 
and finally, the deficit in pew rents. Tables I and II 
are parishes in the four counties outside of Phila- 
delphia. Tables III and IV are parishes within 
Philadelphia County. 

By this method a comparison of the two systems 
financially is secured, in a locality where the renting 
of seats has obtained almost exclusively since the 
establishment of the Church in this country. 



* * 



-* 



TABLE I. 

PEWED CHURCHES BEYOND THE LIMITS OF 

PHILADELPHIA COUNTY. 





_!, 


c/3 






Cx] C 


CHURCHES. 


z a 

a as 
ft, D 

X h 


z 

E 


5 Z 

w z 


u 
w 


*3 




. w 


in 


es 


Q 


ft. 


BUCKS COUNTY. 












I. St. Luke, Newtown 


5445 


225 


*2 3 8 


#207 


$1 06 


2. Grace, Hulmeville 


670 


200 


325 


345 


1 62 


3. Trinity, Centreville 


584 
1522 


125 
25O 


175 
906" 


409 
616 


1 40 
3 60 


4. St. Paul's, Doylestown.... 


5. St. James, Bristol* 












CHESTER COUNTY. 












6. St. Peter's, Great Valley*. 












7. St. John's, Pequeaf 












8. St. Paul's, W. Whiteland.. 


967 


275 


462 


SOS 


1 67 


9. Holy Trinity, W. Chester. 


4217 


60O 


2766 


1451 


4 90 


10. St. Peter's, Phoenixville... 


H35 


25O 


750 


685 


3 00 


II. St. James, Downingtown. 


1878 


IOO 


1 102 


776 


11 00 


DELAWARE COUNTY. 












12. St. Paul's, Chester 


3622 


SSO 


3000 


622 


5 40 


13. St. David's, Radnor* 












14. Calvary, Rockdale 


1313 


425 


6S7 


656 


■ 50 


15. Christ, Media 


2151 


500 


1265 


886 


2 52 


16. St. Luke's, Chester 


I55i 


200 


306 


1245 


1 50 


MONTGOMERY COUNTY. 












17. St. James, Perkiomen 


1520 


250 


280 


1240 


1 is 


18. St. John's, Norristow n 


5055 


55o 


2438 


2617 


4 50 


19. Christ, Pottstown 


2186 


35o 


1463 


723 


4 15 


20. Redeemer, Low'r Merion* 




21. Calvary, Conshohocken... 


1481 


240 


1093 


388 


4 ss 


22. St. Paul's, Cheltenham.... 


3877 


45° 


2600 


1277 


5 75 


17 Churches 


#34474 


5540 


$19826 





* Incomplete report. 



f No report. 

Deficit in rents, 42)^ per cent, of the expenses, 514,648. 
Average income per Sitting, $3.58. 



* 



TABLE H. 
FREE CHURCHES BEYOND THE LIMI I 
PHILADELPHIA COUNTY. ■ 



* Incomplete report. 
Average income per sitting, $2.73. 



CHURCHES. 


TIKI S. 


si [TINGS. 


CONTRJ 
mi IONS. 


2 '- 
- 7 

z - 


BUCKS COUNTY. 

1. St. James, Bristol* 


5227 

IO6 
222 
224 
376 
IO4I 
144 

I I 20 
IO55 

2696 
642 
123 


200 

200 
500 
200 
300 
180 
125 

400 
200 

250 
200 
IOO 


$230 

222 

224 

376 

1041 

144 

1 1 20 
1055 

2696 
493 
123 




2. St. Andrew's, Yardleyville 

CHESTER COUNTY. 

3. St. Peter's, Great Valley*. 

4. St. John's, N. London 

5. St. Mary's, Warwick 

6. St. Andrew's, W. Vincent. 

7. St. Mark's, Honeybrook... 


51 15 
SO 

55 
1 12 
1 88 
5 80 

1 22 

2 80 
5 27 

10 80 
2 41 

1 23 


9. St. Andrew's, Oxford 

DELAWARE COUNTY. 

10. St. Martin's, Mar. Hook.. 

11. Good Shepherd, Radnor.. 

MONTGOMERY COUNTY. 

12. St. Thomas, Whitemarsh* 

13. Our Saviour, Jenkintown.. 


15. St. Paul's, U. Prov 




12 Churches 


#7976 


2855 


$7779 









4 Churches which expend enough ~\ 

to pay a Clergyman, Nos. 8, 10, I $6112 1130 561 12 

». 13 J 

Average income per sitting, $5. 50. 



* 



■* 



*• 



TABLE III. 
PEWED CHURCHES IX PHILADELPHIA. 



CHURCHES. 



1. Christ 

2. St. Peter's 

3. St. Paul's 

4. All Saints* 

5. St. James 

6. St. John's, X. Lib's... 

7. St. Luke's, Germ'n... 

8. Trinity, Southwark... 

9. St. Stephen's 

10. St. Andrew's 

11. St. Matthew's, Fkf'd. 

12. Grace 

13. St. Mary's, W. Phila. 

14. St. David's, Manay'k 

15. Epiphany 

16. Ascension 

17. Emmanuel, Kens'n*. 

18. All Saints', Moya'g*. 

19. St. Luke's 

20. St. Philip's 

21. Advent 

22. Evangelists'* 

23. Emmanuel, Holm'g.. 

24. St. James, Kings'g... 

25. Gloria Dei 

26. Xativity* 

27. Redemption 

28. Messiah, P. Richm'd. 

29. Atonement 

30. St. Mark's 

31. Mediator 

32. /.ion 

33. Resurrection 

34. St. Andrew'., W. P.* 



, 










a 




H 


y. 


z 






± z. 




£ * 




- - 




w z 


■- 


X ~ 




E ^ 


W 


m 


w 


« 


Q 


$4754 


850 


$H74 


$3280 


8100 


9OO 


7500 


60O 1 


3250 


IIOO 


1266 


I984 


13000 


820 


12700 


300 


1520 


IOOO 


704 


8l6 


7618 


500 


7140 


478 


35 12 


800 


2195 


l 3 l 7 ! 


14640 


800 


12154 


2486 | 


7848 


900 


5998 


1850 


5850 


700 


4440 


14IO ; 


7165 


850 


7435 


t 


47i9 


750 


5232 


t 


2150 


600 


1525 


625 


9738 


1650 


9500 


238 


2442 


500 


854 


1598 


12300 


IIOO 


"350 


950 


6481 


800 


3362 


3119 J 


5605 


700 


3921 


1684 ! 


2377 


300 


1610 


767 


2515 


500 


1260 


1255 


3083 


470 


1512 


1571 


2022 


600 


1 1 10 


912 ; 


1 100 


600 


535 


565 1 


7100 


IOOO 


55oo 


600 


15300 


800 


13040 


2260 


3S00 


600 


3845 


t 


2665 


600 


1538 


1127 | 


2356 


300 


1124 


1233 



it 
Is 

- - 



;$i 75 



15 50 
70 

14 28 

2 75 

15 18 

8 43 

6 34 
8 80 

7 00 
3 54 
5 80 
1 71 



4 20 

5 60 

5 37 

2 52 

3 25 

1 S3 
89 

5 50 

6 30 
6 41 

2 56 

3 75 



*■ 



•* 



>*• 



■* 



TABLE 1 1 1 — Contin ned. 



CHURCHES. 



35. Saviour, W. Phila.... 

36. Christ, Germantown.. 

37. St. Clement's 

38. St. Paul's, C. Hill... 

39. Holy Trinity 

40. Covenant 

41. Calvary, Germant'n.. 

42. St. Matthias 

43. Incarnation 

44. St. John Evangelist.. 

45. St. Luke's, Bel. Phy. 

(City Mission)... 

46. St. Thomas 

47. Holy Apostles 

48. St. George's, W. P.*. 

49. St. Timothy's 

50. Our Merciful Saviour 

51. Advocate 

52. St. Peter's, Germ'n... 

53. St. Alban's, Roxbo'h, 

(City Mission)... 
44 Churches (omitting 
45 and 53). 



■a, s 



#6533 
9363 

9455 
4690 

17887 

6325 
5412 
8942 
9809 
2175 

755 
1356 
455o 

2617 
2613 
5000 
55oo 

712 



55o 

700 

960 

500 

1400 

800 

450 

1000 

1000 

610 

250 

500 

1200 






#5576 
3170 
5200 

3861 
17094 
4183 
3479 
949 1 
6418 
661 

35i 

358 
2240 



300 


819 


270 


920 


800 


3532 


500 


4091 


250 


166 



£957 
6193 

4255 
829 

793 
2142 

1933 

t 

3391 

1514 



998 
2310 

1798 

1693 
1468 
1407 



#2652371 32630 '£200917 



8* 

7- * 



10 15 

4 53 

5 50 
7 72 

12 21 

5 23 
7 73 
9 49 

6 42 
1 08 



72 

1 87 

2 73 
2 80 
4 16 
8 12 



* Incomplete report. 



f Surplus. 



Deficit in rents, 24 per cent, of expenses, 564,320. 
Average income per sitting, $6.16. 



* 



■* 



■* 



TABLE IV. 
FREE CHURCHES IN PHILADELPHIA. 



CHURCHES. 



1. St. James, the Less* 

2. St. Mark's, Frankford 

3. Crucifixion* 

4. St. Jude's 

5. Trinity, Maylandville 

6. Holy Trinity Chapel* 

7. Calvary, North«rn Lib's... 

8. St. John Baptist, Germ'n* 

9. St. Michael's, Germ'n 

10. House of Prayer, Branch*. 

11. St. Timothy's, Roxbor'gh. 

12. St. John (City Mission)... 

13. St. James, Hestonville 

14. Good Shepherd 

15. St. Stephen's, Bridesburg. 

16. St. Paul's, Aramingo (no 

building) 

17. Messiah* 

18. St. Sauveur 

19. Holy Comforter, W. P.*... 

20. St. Peter's Memorial* 

21. Redeemer (Seamen's Mis.) 

22. Transfiguration 

1 1 Churches (omitting Nos. 
12, 16, 21, which are City 
or Seamen's Missions 



Q y5 

Z « 

w os 

X H 
W 


c/j 
O 
Z 

H 
J/5 


W 




^6250 


800 


56035 


3300 
1356 


460 
150 


33°o 
1643 


693 


350 


693 


4408 


320 


4578 


2574 
174 
1238 
1652 
1808 


380 
300 
250 
500 
300 


303 2 
3i9 
1282 
1652 
1808 


202 


80 


202 


1283 


250 


1 197 


2354 
I4OO 


300 
250 


2354 
1402 


525967 


4010 


526622 



S H 

8 ^ 

z * 



$7 55 

7 40 
11 00 

2 00 
14 30 

8 00 

5 10 

3 10 

6 00 



4 80 



5 5< 



* Incomplete report. 
Average income per sitting, 56.60. 



*- 



■* 



■* 



DEDUCTIONS. 



The following facts are evident from the foregoing 
figures : 

ist. That in the country districts no Church is 
supported by pew rents; that these rents pay little 
more than one-half the expenses, and average only 
#3tVs P er sitting; while the free churches, which 
are for the most part Mission stations, (eight out of 
twelve requiring an average expenditure of only $200 
per annum,) contribute $2ffo per sitting, or three- 
fourths as much. 

And if these Missions are excluded from the com- 
parison, as they should be the offerings of the other 
four churches are $5 T 5 °o per sitting, which is one-half 
as much again as the pewed Churches raise by their 
sittings. 

2d. That in the city of Philadelphia only four 
churches pay expenses by pew rents, and the pew 
rents of all the Churches pay only three-fourths of 
their expenses, and average $6 T W per sitting. 

While the free churches contribute $6i 6 °o per sit- 
ting, a larger a?nount than is received in the pewed 
churches in rents, by seven per cent. 

It must not be overlooked that while the pewed 
churches include the built up and wealthy portions 
of the city, the free churches are mostly in the sub- 
urbs, and in poorer districts. 

These facts completely demolish the theory that 
Churches cannot be supported by voluntary offerings. 
Under every disadvantage, they obtain more in pro- 
portion to their sittings than is obtained by pew 
rental. 

Publication No. 5. 

Free Church Association, 

1316 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. 



Copies will be supplied gratuitously upon application